Types of Cerebral Palsy

There are a few different types of cerebral palsy, each of which has its own symptoms and recommended treatment plan. Cerebral palsy in infants or young children is a long-term medical condition that affects not only the victim, but the entire family as well. If a doctor’s negligence led to this condition, parents may pursue a case of medical malpractice in Ohio to recover damages.

Spastic Cerebral Palsy 

Spastic is the most common form of cerebral palsy. Those with spastic cerebral palsy have increased muscle tone, which leads to rigid muscles. This form is also characterized by jerky movements in the arms and legs. Because the tongue and mouth may also be affected, the ability to eat, talk and swallow can be impaired as well.

Physical therapy may be necessary, as well as speech and language therapy. In severe cases, surgery may be needed to help with muscle and movement problems. 

Athetoid/Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy 

This type of cerebral palsy is often characterized by involuntary limb movements or twisted posture, particularly in the trunk area of the body. The face and tongue are also affected, making eating, swallowing and talking difficult. Muscle tone can change dramatically from day to day. Treatment may include surgery, assistive devices and speech therapy, as well as medication to help relax muscles. 

Ataxic Cerebral Palsy 

Ataxic cerebral palsy affects balance and coordination. Patients may walk unsteadily and have problems with arm and hand control. Physical therapy can help with limb control. Braces, walkers and other assistive devices can help with movement. 

Mixed Cerebral Palsy 

This refers to a combination of two or more types of cerebral palsy, for example, spastic-dyskinetic. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, a variety of treatment methods may be needed, including medication, physical therapy and assistive devices.

Contacting a Lawyer about Medical Malpractice in Ohio 

Victims with cerebral palsy caused by medical malpractice may review their legal rights by calling Mellino Robenalt LLC. Contact our team at (444) 333-3800 to go over a case of cerebral palsy in an infant that may be due to negligence. A lawyer can review the viability of a case of medical malpractice in Ohio against a doctor suspected of contributing to one of the types of cerebral palsy.